Target market

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A target market is a group of customers that the business has decided to aim its marketing efforts and ultimately its merchandise. A well-defined target market is the first element to a marketing strategy. The target Export marketing or market and the marketing mix variables of product, place(distribution), promotion and price are the four elements of a marketing mix strategy that determine the success of a product in the marketplace. Once these distinct customers have been defined, a marketing mix strategy of product, distribution, promotion and price can be built by the Exporting business to satisfy the target market.


Market segmentations


Target markets are groups of individuals separated by distinguishable and noticeable aspects. Target markets can be separated into: • geographic segmentations, addresses (their location) • demographic/socio-economic segmentation (gender, age, income, occupation, education, household size, and stage in the family life cycle) • psychographic segmentation (similar attitudes, values, and lifestyles) • behavioral segmentation (occasions, degree of loyalty) • product-related segmentation (relationship to a product)[2]


The psychology of target marketing


A principal concept in target marketing is that those who are targeted show a strong affinity or brand loyalty to that particular brand. Target Marketing allows the marketer / sales team to customize their message to the targeted group of consumers in a more focused manner. Research has shown that racial similarity, role congruence, labeling intensity of ethnic identification, shared knowledge and ethnic salience all promote positive effects on the target market. Research has generally shown that target marketing strategies are constructed from consumer inferences of similarities between some aspects of the advertisement (e.g., source pictured, language used, lifestyle represented) and characteristics of the consumer (e.g. reality or desire of having the represented style). Consumers are persuaded by the characteristics in the advertisement and those of the consumer


References:

1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Target_market


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