Product binning

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In semiconductor device fabrication, product binning is the common process of sorting manufactured products based on tested levels of performance. Large variances in performance are condensed into a smaller number of marketed designations. This ensures coherency in the marketplace, with tiers of performance clearly indicated. For a detailed guide on how to import export products, please refer to this Learn How To Import Products: Products Manufactured And Tested.

The immediate consequence of this practice is that, for liability reasons, products sold under a certain designation must meet that designation at a minimum. Individual products may actually be capable of somewhat higher performance than advertised. This practice is largely responsible for the ability to overclock computer hardware.


Semiconductor manufacturing is an imprecise process, with some estimates as low as 30% for yields. Defects in manufacturing are not always fatal, however. In many cases, it is possible to salvage a part by trading off performance characteristics, such as by reducing its clock frequency or by disabling non-critical parts that are defective. Rather than simply discarding these products, their performance level can be marked down accordingly and sold at a lower price, fulfilling the needs of lower-end market segments.

This practice occurs throughout the semiconductor industry, including products such as central processing units, computer memory, and graphics processors.



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