Angel investors

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An angel investor or angel (also known as a business angel or informal investor) is an affluent individual who provides capital for a business start-up, usually in exchange for convertible debt or ownership equity. A small but increasing number of angel investors organize themselves into angel groups or angel networks to share research and pool their investment capital.


Contents

Description

Source and extent of funding


Angels typically invest their own funds, unlike venture capitalists, who manage the pooled money of others in a professionally-managed fund. Although typically reflecting the investment judgment of an individual, the actual entity that provides the funding may be a trust, business, limited liability company, investment fund, etc. The Harvard report by William R. Kerr, Josh Lerner, and Antoinette Schoar tables evidence that angel-funded startup companies are less likely to fail than companies that rely on other forms of initial financing.


Angel capital fills the gap in start-up financing between "friends and family"—(sometimes humorously given the acronym FFF, which stands for "friends, family and fools") who provide seed funding—and venture capital. Although it is usually difficult to raise more than a few hundred thousand dollars from friends and family, most traditional venture capital funds are usually not able to consider investments under US$1–2 million. Thus, angel investment is a common second round of financing for high-growth start-ups, and accounts in total for almost as much money invested annually as all venture capital funds combined, but into more than 60 times as many companies (US$20.1 billion vs. $23.26 billion in the US in 2010, into 61,900 companies vs. 1,012 companies).


Angel investing in the US

Geographically, Silicon Valley dominates the destination of angel funds, receiving 39% of the $7.5B invested in US-based companies throughout Q2 2011, 3-4 times as much as the total amount invested within New England.



References:

1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angel_investor


External Links:

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